Notes from the Gathering 4.12.14, Matthew 5: 21-26
Welcome to River Market Community Church!
We are a church plant. We are a variety of people from different backgrounds and places in life... If we are honest this is the last thing most of us thought we would be doing together...starting a church.
But, We have encountered the gospel and it has changed us...
Gospel- simply put
Sinner saved by Jesus works and not your works for our relationship with God. Embrace, repent, and believe.
We exist to glorify God by the gospel of Jesus; as a family joined by the Spirit, transforming the City.
Where we(the plant) are currently: verbal explanation
Where we(the plant) are headed: verbal explanation
Where we see God working in and around the Church: verbal explanation
Leading Questions: Leading Questions are sent out the week before the gathering to help you spend time with God looking at the Scriptures that will be discussed. It is to help guide you to ask, wrestle with and bring questions and insights that you have to the gathering. It will allow you to share these with other people and engage with the message. Currently these questions are implanted in the message. In the future, as the church grows, the questions will be discussed in small groups before the message.
--PRAY first, PRAY now--
...'DON'T ALLOW YOUR HEART TO BE STOLEN'...Matthew 5:21-26
Where scripture falls in entirety thru the Word. Creation, fall, redemption, restoration.We have been walking thru the Gospel of Matthew...(expound)
“You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘You shall not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, ‘ Raca,’ is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be in danger of the fire of hell. “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to them; then come and offer your gift. “Settle matters quickly with your adversary who is taking you to court. Do it while you are still together on the way, or your adversary may hand you over to the judge, and the judge may hand you over to the officer, and you may be thrown into prison. Truly I tell you, you will not get out until you have paid the last penny. (Matthew 5:21-26 NIV)
1)While reading, what jumped out at you(a word or phrase)?-settle matters quickly-if you are holding a grudge of some sort to take initiative and go and take action to reconcile-those of old, the men of old, to the ancients-leaving everything at the alter? how does this exactly play out in our life?-we can't even receive a gift from someone if there is some previous business.
2)If you have read this before, what is your current knowledge about this passage?I previously highlighted 23-26 for some reason, not sure why...
3) Question: What are scripture objections? Intellectual, moral??-a) god doesn't exist & b) the Bible is just a story book not Gods words. Please be patient and keep an open mind with us.
-Why we are here(not glorify father): do what feels good. Ecclesiastes, -Jesus is a rebel and broke the law how can he put so much importance on it?-I thought the Pharisees made it their purpose to lived by the Bible. If anyone lived by the Scriptures wasn't it the Pharisees.
What the heck is murder anyway?
Leading Question: Seek and provide the Biblical definitions of the following?
Murder: to intentionally, maliciously take a life.
started to flush out deeper. (emotionally, spiritually, etc.etc.)
War: No- looking at the bible and God
Self defense: NO- example- God was first one to self defend mankind by covering sin with killing a animal.(genesis)
I. THE NEW AUTHORITY(prequel)As we move into this next section of verses starting at 21 and going through the end of the chapter, verse 48 we will see one of the more important sections in the New Testament.
II. THE NEW STANDARD(prequel con't.)Startling as Jesus authority was, the new standard he sets before men was more startling.
III. THE FORBIDDEN ANGERv21- 'Thou shalt not kill," (Exodus 20:13)The point is not that what they(Jews of the time) had been told was wrong but that it was incomplete regarding the intended purpose of the Law. The previous verse(v20) pointed out that the righteousness of the Kingdom surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees. EXTERNAL APPLICATION OF THE LAW WAS NOT SUFFICIENT.
v22- Jesus explains his objection to the traditions being taught. Jesus speaks on the deeper issue which the external religionists failed to grasp. The kingdom's condemnation of hate.-anger with your brother is guilty. (Eph. 4:31; Col. 3:8)-"with his brother" God warns to not let your emotional response lead to destructive sin!(Cain-Gen. 4:5-8; 1John3:10-12)--anger in itself is part of life, so what is the issue? the issue is what you do with it(Eph. 4:26)--Jesus becomes angry himself(Matt. 21:12-13). Not because of a wrong against him(personal affront) by another but outrage at injustice, sin, unbelief, and exploitation of others.
Leading Question: What does Jesus instruct his followers to do about their anger and sins listed in the passage(Matt. 5:21-26)?---when anger arises don't ignore, excuse or allow it to build but should be dealt with immediately before moving to a destructive act.
Jesus gives Illustrations of how anger can turn to vicious attacks against brothers...-'Raca'(raka)- is an almost untranslatable word b/c it describes a tone of voice more than anything else. It is the accent of arrogant contempt. (brainless idiot, a silly fool, and empty-headed blunderer).--Rabbinic tale of a certain Rabbi, Simon ben Eleazar. He was coming from his teacher's house, and was feeling uplifted at the thought of his own scholarship and erudition and goodness. A very ill-favoured passer-by gave him a greeting. The Rabbi did not return the greeting, but said, "You Raca! How ugly you are! Are all the men of your town as ugly as you?" "That," said the passer-by, "I do not know. Go and tell the Maker who created me how ugly is the creature He has made." ---We can never look at any man with contempt for whom Christ died.
-'Fool' to call someone a fool was not attacking his mental ability but his moral character.--Jesus says that he who destroys his brother's name and reputation is liable to the severest judgment of all, the judgement of the fire of Gehenna(for extra on Gehenna see below).
Moral fact: Words can kill.-If anger turns into insulting words when boiled down is an act with murderous intent.--'Anger in a man's heart, and anger in a man's speech are equally forbidden.
v23-24- RELATIONAL GOD- INSURMOUNTABLE BARRIER(family)Description providing clarification...'If any sacrifice was to be valid, confession and restoration were involved. The picture which Jesus is painting is very vivid. The worshipper, of course, did not make his own sacrifice; he brought it to the priest who offered it on his behalf. The worshipper has entered the Temple; he has passed through its series of courts, the Court of the Gentiles, the Court o the Woman, the Court of the Men. Beyond that there lay the Court of the Priests which the layman could not go. The worshipper is standing at the rail, ready to hand over his victim to the priest; his hands are on it to confess; and then he remembers his breach with his brother, the wrong done to his brother; if his sacrifice is to avail, he must go back and mend that breach and undo that wrong, or nothing can happen.' p. 140, Barclay.
Jesus teaching focused on the importance and correlation of the relationship with one's brother/sister(family member) and with God.-worship of God should be done after reconciliation of broken relationships. What good is worship if anger and division exists in God's family at your hands.--God is more concerned with relational(brother/sister) love than ritualistic offerings of worship.---how can you sit in God's presence worshipping Him in spirit and in truth and not be moved by the Holy Spirit to reconcile with your brother or sister?---"do not murder" vs. "don't injure your brother"
v25-26- RELATIONAL GOD- DON'T LET ENEMIES STEAL YOUR HEARTJesus moves to the extra step of reconciliation- making peace with your enemy.-interesting that Jesus uses an illustration of avoiding court. LOL, take responsibility for your fault and seek reconciliation. Calls for swift reconciliation.--point: individual's relationship with God is connected with his/her relationship with fellow human beings(friends and even foes).
"If possible, so far as it depends on you, be at peace with all men."(Rom. 12:8)-Psalm 34:11-14, 1Thess. 5:13, Heb. 12:14, Rom. 14:19, have goal of being a peacemaker-Matt. 5:9, 'Those who are truly of the God of peace(Rom. 15:33) will reflect His character and follow The Lord, the Prince of Peace(Isa. 9:6).
--Get trouble sorted out in due time so that it does not pile up getting worse trouble for the future.--life is short and over in a breath. make all wrongs right when you have the chance as relationships are that which last forever.
--'Jesus is saying is: "If you want happiness in time, and happiness in eternity, never leave an unreconciled quarrel or an unhealed breach between yourself and your brother man. Act immediately to remove the barriers which anger has raised."
THE BIG PICTURE and gospel application- this is very applicable teaching but boiled down comes back to the gospel and is gospel centered...
Leading Question: 3) Name the four described offences and their consequences listed in the passage(Matt. 5:21-26).
Leading Question: 1) Genesis 9:6; what does God command as the penalty for murder?“Whoever sheds human blood, by humans shall their blood be shed; for in the image of God has God made mankind. (Genesis 9:6 NIV)
-The law points to Jesus...Jesus came to give the real meaning of the law. The kingdom's condemnation of hate and anger which leads to destructive sin.
-'Jesus forbids for ever the anger which broods, the anger which will not forget, the anger which refuses to be pacified, the anger which seeks revenge.' -William BarclayIn this section of Scripture Jesus expands on the current meaning of murder and that the penalty is the same.
If we look at the Scriptures and take serious the authority that Jesus has and then come to believe in the new standard that Jesus set forth...The truth is that we are all murderers...& in that We murdered Christ...
Jesus was murdered and in the process of being murdered asked for forgiveness of his murderers. Christ gave himself up for all murderers. He died so that we may have life. & He died so we could stop murdering people with our thoughts and words and actions. Jesus died so we could be set free from our innate desire and the power of sin which reigns and leads to destruction. He died so we could be forgiven and then forgive others when they try and murder us.
So believe me, follow me, live with reverence of God and respect of people, teach others what I taught you and show them how to follow me, usher them into the kingdom. I, my Spirit, will empower you to do so.
& that/this is the Gospel of grace:We are sinners saved by Jesus works not our own for our relationship with God.
The Church exists both through the gospel and for the gospel.The gospel is a word; so the church must be word-centered.The gospel is a missional word; so the church must be mission-centered.The gospel is people focused; it creates the Church and the Church is a family that is community centered.We the Church are to be gospel centered.
PRINCIPLES APPLIED-Becoming Gospel Centered:
YOUR GOAL IS TO FOCUS ON THE FOLLOWING OVER THE NEXT 1-2 WEEKS.
RELATIONAL GOD- DON'T LET FAMILY OR ENEMIES STEAL YOUR HEART
Being Word-centered and missional:
Spend time in the following scriptures. Ask yourself, "How am I to apply my life to match these scriptures?""If possible, so far as it depends on you, be at peace with all men."(Rom. 12:8)-Psalm 34:11-14, 1Thess. 5:13, Heb. 12:14, Rom. 14:19, have goal of being a peacemaker-Matt. 5:9, 'Those who are truly of the God of peace(Rom. 15:33) will reflect His character and follow The Lord, the Prince of Peace(Isa. 9:6).
Ask the Leading Question: Who do you need to “go and be reconciled” with?...Then, move forward in beginning the reconciliation process. Ask for help if needed to take the first step of reconciliation
People focused, community centered
Living in community:-get coffee with someone and share about the above things. Ask for prayer and for help in needed areas and share who you need to reconcile with.
So, I hope we all have a little better understanding of this section of Scripture. And that you have gotten answers to questions you may have or at least were able to refine your questions.
End of gathering. who are we praying for? Add to list... & Close in prayer.
“No good tree bears bad fruit, nor does a bad tree bear good fruit. Each tree is recognized by its own fruit. People do not pick figs from thornbushes, or grapes from briers. A good man brings good things out of the good stored up in his heart, and an evil man brings evil things out of the evil stored up in his heart. For the mouth speaks what the heart is full of. (Luke 6:43-45 NIV)
Gehenna--a word with history. often referred to as hell in the Bible. It really means the 'Valley of Hinnom.'--used often by Jews(Matt 5: 22, 29, 30; 10:28; 18:9; 23:15, 33; Mark 9:43, 45, 47; Luke 12:5; James 3:6).---Valley of Hinnom: valley to the southwest of Jerusalem. O.T.(2Chron. 28:3)Ahaz used the place for fire worship of the heathen God Molech, to whom little children were burned in the fire. Josiah(2Kings23:10), the reforming king, had stamped out that worship and abolished the practices making it a dumping ground for the trash and the bodies of dead criminals. In the 1st century, it was used as a trash pit/public incinerator where the fire continually burned and a thick smoke lay over it.